The Mangalitsa* (MON-go-leet-sa) was created in 1833 by the Hungarian Royal Archduke Jozsef.
Unlike all popular breeds of hogs, which are meat-type, the Mangalitsa is an extreme lard-type breed.
Meat-type breeds efficiently produce lean meat. Lard-type breeds produce high-quality fat and very marbled, juicy and flavorful meat.
Raised properly the Mangalitsa's genes allow it to produce some of the world's best meat and fat.
* In Hungarian, Mangalitsa is spelled mangalica.
The blonde Mangalitsa was developed from older hardy types of Hungarian pig (Bakonyi and Szalontai) crossed with the Šumadija breed of Serbian origin (1833) (and later others like Alföldi or Croatian Šiška and Syrmien). The development took place in Hungary in the early 19th century. The new quick-growing "fat-type" hog did not require any special care, so became very popular in Hungary. In 1927 the National Society of Fat-Type Hog Breeders (Mangalicatenyésztők Országos Egyesülete) was established, with the objective of improving the breed. Mangalitsa was the most prominent swine breed in the region until 1950 (there were 30,000 of them in Hungary in 1943). Since then the popularity as well as the population of Mangalitsa have been decreasing, with the rising availability of food from further away and refrigeration. Nowadays, the keeping of Mangalicas has become a popular hobby. There are currently slightly over 7000 Mangalitsa sows in Hungary, producing cca. 60000 porkers a year. 
In March 2006, 17 Mangalitza were imported from Austria into the UK. These are registered with the British Pig Association (BPA) and the pedigrees are being maintained on the BPA Mangalitza Herd Book. Three of the animals are at Tropical Wings zoo in Essex. which was sold to them by Mark graham the largest breeder of Mangalitzas in the U.K
In August 2007, Wooly Pigs, an American company, imported a herd from Austria.
The Swallow-bellied Mangalitsa breed was produced by crossing the blonde Mangalitza and the Black(which has gone extinct).